Evidence Summaries

  • 'Assessing and responding to sleep problems in young people seeking help for mental ill-health'

    This resource is designed to assist those working clinically with young people. Alongside consideration of assessment and risk factors, interventions with demonstrated effectiveness in young people with sleep problems will be discussed.

  • 'Brief psychological interventions for young people with common mental health conditions'

    The evidence summary and accompanying reference table are for health professionals working with young people who have mild to moderate common mental health disorders. The resources provide a summary of the evidence for common brief interventions in youth mental health, taking into account clinical indicators and treatment planning.

  • 'Understanding and assessing anger-related difficulties in young people'

    Recent data from over 24,000 young people indicates that anger-related problems are one of the main presenting issues among young people attending headspace centres. Only depression and anxiety ranked higher than anger.

  • 'Adolescent Romantic Relationships'

    Whether you are a parent or someone working with adolescents it can be difficult to appreciate the impact that a romantic relationship can have on their lives. This resource collates the latest evidence on adolescent romantic relationships and provides useful information for those working with young people, as well as family and friends.

  • 'Shared Decision-Making for Mental Health'

    Health professionals are increasingly being encouraged to adopt a collaborative approach to making health care decisions. Clinical practice guidelines advocate for clinicians to involve clients in decision-making processes and allow for client preferences (along with evidence) to guide decisions where possible. Shared Decision-Making (SDM) is the most prominent example of this. This evidence summary reviews available evidence for the effectiveness of Shared Decision-Making for mental disorders and related research about the effectiveness of components of Shared Decision-Making such as allowing clients to choose treatment options.  

  • 'Using SSRI Antidepressants and Other Newer Antidepressants to Treat Depression in Young People'

    There continues to be debate over the use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) to treat depression in young people. This resource examines existing evidence on the use of SSRIs in young people with depression and what role they may play in the delivery of good clinical care.

  • 'Working with Adolescents: Keeping Romantic Relationships in Mind'

    This resource was developed to support health professionals (e.g. school counsellors, GPs, psychologists, social workers, psychiatrists) working with adolescents by summarising the latest research evidence on the impact of adolescents’ heterosexual romantic experiences and relationships on their mental health, with a specific focus on examining their role in the onset of adolescent depression.

  • 'Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing for Young People Engaging in Problematic Substance Use'

    Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a ‘style’ or ‘method’ that aims to enhance a person’s motivation to change problematic behaviour by exploring and resolving their ambivalence about change and requires specific clinical training. This resource examines the latest evidence around the use of Motivational Interviewing when working with young people with problematic substance use.